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By Bartee Haile

As the sun slowly set in the piney woods on Jul. 5, 1832, a stranger on a mysterious mission crossed the Sabine River into the Mexican province of Texas.

In recent years, Benjamin Lundy had faced the fact that agitation alone would never liberate the slaves. The Quaker editor understood that most white Americans, who in principle supported the abolition cause, cringed at the thought of blacks, freed from southern bondage, living next door.

Lundy believed the only way to overcome the prejudice so prevalent in the North was to prove that former slaves could become productive and responsible members of society. To this end, he tried without success to create a community of freedmen in the Caribbean country of Haiti.


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